By Norbert Hornstein
Human language turns out to have arisen approximately in the final 50-100,000 years. In evolutionary phrases, this is often the mere blink of a watch. If this can be right, then a lot of what we think about particular to language needs to in truth contain operations to be had in pre-linguistic cognitive domain names. during this booklet Norbert Hornstein, the most influential linguists engaged on syntax, discusses a topical set of matters in syntactic conception, together with a few unique proposals on the innovative of study during this quarter. He presents a conception of the elemental grammatical operations and means that there's just one that's particular to language. If this conception is true then this narrows the evolutionary hole among verbal and non-verbal primates, hence facilitating the swift evolutionary emergence of our linguistic ability.
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Extra resources for A Theory of Syntax: Minimal Operations and Universal Grammar
T . ][adjunct . . t . ]]]] As the relevant adjuncts are typically thought to adjoin to vP or some other projection in the vicinity of vP, and as PGs involve some CP position as the ultimate landing site, we should expect the surface form of such constructions to end up in configurations in which the A -expression c-commands all the positions through which it has moved. In short, if PGs are formed by overt sidewards A -movement, then we expect the resulting structure to have the A -element c-command its various previous launch sites.
There are also various ways around this problem such as assuming that the correct input to (16) is a phrase marker where either likes or her or both have vacated the VP. 29 (20) [TP John [T’ [vP
DP . ] [V DP]] Thus, here PRO/reflexive is not c-commanded by its antecedent, nor, apparently, need it be. If these cases are indeed cases of OC/binding, then it appears that there exist some licit cases of binding without c-command, which are derivable by a series of licit movement operations. 23 C-command is expected to obtain in standard cases of binding within single sub-trees (assuming that they are formed by overt movement), because the Extension enforces c-command in such cases. We also expect ccommand to appear in those cases of SWM where the movement is to the left out of an adjunct adjoined below TP.