By Cristóbal de Molina
Only a couple of many years after the Spanish conquest of Peru, the 3rd Bishop of Cuzco, Sebastián de Lartaún, known as for a record at the non secular practices of the Incas. The document was once ready by means of Cristóbal de Molina, a clergyman of the health center for the Natives of Our girl of Succor in Cuzco and Preacher normal of the town. Molina used to be a good Quechua speaker, and his complicated language abilities allowed him to interview the older indigenous males of Cuzco who have been one of the final surviving eyewitnesses of the rituals carried out on the peak of Inca rule. hence, Molina's account preserves a very important first-hand checklist of Inca spiritual ideals and practices.
This quantity is the 1st English translation of Molina's Relación de las fábulas y ritos de los incas seeing that 1873 and comprises the 1st authoritative scholarly statement and notes. The paintings opens with numerous Inca production myths and outlines of the main gods and shrines (huacas). Molina then discusses an important rituals that happened in Cuzco in the course of every month of the yr, in addition to rituals that weren't tied to the ceremonial calendar, equivalent to start rituals, lady initiation rites, and marriages. Molina additionally describes the Capacocha ritual, within which all of the shrines of the empire have been provided sacrifices, in addition to the Taqui Ongoy, a millennial stream that unfold around the Andes through the overdue 1560s according to turning out to be Spanish domination and sped up violence opposed to the so-called idolatrous religions of the Andean peoples.
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Additional info for Account of the Fables and Rites of the Incas (William and Bettye Nowlin Series in Art, History, and Culture of the Western Hemisphere)
This confession was made [in] public, and to learn if they had confessed [the] truth, the sorcerer would cast lots. In them, by work of the devil, he would see who had confessed a lie, in which case the sorcerers [ 19 great punishments were given. 13 The Incas and the people of Cuzco always made their confessions in secret, and for the most part, they confessed to the Indians of Huaro, [who were] sorcerers that they used specifically for this purpose. In their confessions, they would accuse themselves of not having revered the Sun, the Moon, and the huacas, and of not having kept or celebrated wholeheartedly the festivities of the raymis, which are the [celebrations] of the months of the year.
To this end, I ordered to assemble a number of very elderly men who witnessed and performed those ceremonies and rituals during [the] time of Huayna Capac, Huascar Inca, and Manco Inca,3 and some leaders and priests who were of those times. 2 Among those images they had the following fable. It was during the life of Manco Capac, who was the first Inca, that they began to claim and call themselves “children of the Sun” and when the Sun worship and idolatry started. [During this time,] they heard important news about the Flood.
17 After the Flood subsided and they had finished the food that they stored there, they roamed the hills and valleys searching for food. They built a very small house to live in and they sustained themselves on roots and herbs, experiencing many difficulties and hunger. One day, after having gone out to search for food, they returned to their little house and found food prepared and chicha [maize beer] to drink, not knowing how it had arrived or who had made it. This continued for about ten days, at the end of which they both decided to try to learn who was helping them so much in a time of great need.