By Lew Freedman
When Jackie Robinson grew to become the 1st African American participant in significant league baseball in 1947, elbowing apart the league's regulations of segregation that were inviolate for 60 years, he turned a logo of chance and reputation for African American avid gamers in every single place. Robinson withstood discrimination to set up himself as a corridor of status participant, and to guide destiny generations of black avid gamers into the formerly all-white global of significant League Baseball. Written for college kids and common readers alike, this biographical encyclopedia chronicles the background of African American baseball in the course of the existence tales of the game's maximum gamers, the legends who performed an important position within the integration of the key league.
From Negro League stars Satchel Paige and Josh Gibson, to paint line shatterer Jackie Robinson, and people who them within the limelight, comparable to Hank Aaron and Willie Mays, readers will learn the way the inclusion of African American gamers in significant League Baseball better the game and race kinfolk within the usa in this severe interval in historical past.
Providing precise money owed of every player's striking specialist achievements, this insightful reference describes how the fabulous abilities of African American gamers increased significant League Baseball endlessly. positive factors comprise a timeline of significant occasions, a number of images, and a bibliography of print and digital assets for additional reading.
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Extra info for African American Pioneers of Baseball: A Biographical Encyclopedia
Probably O’Neil’s most conspicuous and valuable save was reaching out to a homesick minor leaguer playing in San Antonio. Billy Williams was from Mobile, Alabama, missed his family, and had lost his confidence. O’Neil spent time with him, boosted his spirits, and talked him into sticking with the team. Soon enough Williams was in the majors and on his way to a Hall-of-Fame outfielding career. O’Neil had been a spring training assistant, working with young players. But when the perennially losing, desperate Cubs adopted the most exotic and rarest of operations to manage a Major League club, O’Neil received the official big-league title of coach.
13 Johnson conceded that this was a form of cheating, but only one of many types of cheating that revolved around the type of stuff pitchers hurled, from mud balls to shine balls, to emery balls and spitters. “That kind of thing was real common,” Johnson said. “When we threw the shine ball, we used to load it up with so much Vaseline it would make your eyes blink on a sunny day. On mud balls, the mud on the seams made the ball sink. ”14 22 AFRICAN AMERICAN PIONEERS OF BASEBALL Johnson recorded many of his best-hitting seasons in the 1920s when he played in Philadelphia, but when the Negro National League and the Eastern Colored League folded, in 1930 he joined the Homestead Grays, which was temporarily an independent team.
It was not until he was nearly twenty-seven that he hooked on with the Grays. The late start cost Leonard in terms of statistical accomplishment, but is hard to quantify. 324. He had a good glove, as well. “He was a line drive hitter who could wear out the fastball,” said Buck O’Neil, a first baseman for the Kansas City Monarchs when Leonard played. “He was a good hitter. ” O’Neil laughed. ”1 When O’Neil wrote his autobiography in 1996, the year before Leonard passed away, he had great praise for his former competitor, calling him “the greatest of us still alive.