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Download Alpine Ecosystems in the Northwest Caucasus by V. G. Onipchenko (auth.), Vladimir G. Onipchenko (eds.) PDF

By V. G. Onipchenko (auth.), Vladimir G. Onipchenko (eds.)

Plant geographical description of the world, syntaxonomy, spatial styles, floristic richness, constitution of plant groups with regards to soil houses and herbivore effect have been defined for a mountain quarter that's tough to entry. Seasonal, inter-annual, and long term dynamics of plants are mentioned at the base of long term observations in addition to pollen and phytolith analyses. inhabitants biology of alpine crops is studied through mix of box observations and mathematical modelling. Plant inhabitants ideas and soil seed banks are defined for alpine vegetation from a number of groups. result of long term ecological experiments (plant reciprocal transplantations, dominant removals, mild quandary) confirmed the importance of festival and facilitation for neighborhood association. constitution of soil algal and fungal groups is represented in addition to mycorrhiza of alpine crops. major animal teams (wild) background and sleek nature conservation difficulties are discussed.

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Alpine Ecosystems in the Northwest Caucasus

Plant geographical description of the world, syntaxonomy, spatial styles, floristic richness, constitution of plant groups relating to soil houses and herbivore impact have been defined for a mountain zone that's tough to entry. Seasonal, inter-annual, and long term dynamics of crops are mentioned at the base of long term observations in addition to pollen and phytolith analyses.

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Laurocerasus officinalis, Vaccinium arctostaphylos, Rhododendron ponticum, as well as some species typical of the tall forb communities (Telekia speciosa, Inula magnifica, Senecio platyphylloides, S. nemorensis, Campanula lati/olia). There are several types of fir forests in the nature reserve, which differ from each other in their species' composition, density of stands, as well as other tree stand characteristics. Each type has a distinct combination of soil type, altitude, slope steepness and orientation.

10). The border of such krummholz forests could lie at a comparatively low altitude (1700-1900 m), especially along the bottoms of the glacial valleys of the 3. Plant geographical description of the area 41 Alibek, Buulgen, Dombai-Ulgen, and Amanauz rivers. In such cases the timberline becomes dentate in shape with elevational difference of 500-700 m. Another type of forest beneath the timberline is open maple (Acer trautvetteri) parklands along the bottoms of the Alibek and Dombai-Ulgen river valleys, where the timberline is found at the altitude of 1800-1900 m.

The plants of these communities are adapted to the leaching of Ca and Mg from the soil and actively accumulate these elements in their biomass (Fig. 8). In the same way, the maximum amount of P in the SBC soil was not connected with its biological accumulation in this community. 20 Chapter 2 14 OC org • 12 org 10 A AB B AB A E a. a. ') 160 140 E a. a. 120 100 80 60 40 20 AB A B A AlH All FVG Il A A B AS AB SBC OHM 6 o A AD AL H 0 A AB Fva B A AB OHM 0 A AB soc B Figure 2. 7. Properties of Leptosols under different plant communities B 2.

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