By John Behr
This publication examines the past due moment century writings of Irenaeus and Clement. Writing earlier than monasticism grew to become the dominant paradigm of Christian asceticism, Irenaeus and Clement have the funds for attention-grabbing glimpses of other techniques to asceticism in past due antiquity.
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Additional info for Asceticism and anthropology in Irenaeus and Clement
1: 18], so that all should see their King…and so that the paternal light might fall upon our Lord’s flesh, and from his resplendent flesh come to us, and so that man might attain to incorruptibility, wrapped around with the paternal light. (AH 4. 20. 101 It is thus through Christ’s recapitulation of the ancient formation of Adam and of the various aspects pertaining to human growth that salvation, the divine fashioning of man, is fully achieved. All the events of the Old Testament pertaining to the unfolding of the economy, from the initial fashioning of Adam onwards, typify, or refer to, that which was to happen in and through Christ.
Irenäus von Lyon (Leipzig, 1957), 51–6, and W. C. van Unnik, ‘An Interesting Document of Second Century Theological Discussion (Irenaeus, Adv. Haer. 1. 10. 3)’, VC 31 (1977), 196–228. (2) Elsewhere Irenaeus excludes speculation about what God was doing before the creation of the world (AH 2. 28. 3) and the use of human analogies to explain the indescribable generation of the Word by the Father (AH 2. 28. 4–6), subjects which fall outside of what is revealed in Scripture. (3) Cf. G. May, Creation Ex Nihilo: The Doctrine of ‘Creation out of Nothing’ in Early Christian Thought, trans.
15: 45–8; Gen. 2: 7). Adam was established as a psychical being, animated by the breath of life, as a type of, and to be saved by, the Spiritual One, he who was vivified by the Spirit. In this schema, Irenaeus makes no mention of the apostasy: the apostasy rendered the creature who had been created for immortality mortal; it did not transform an originally ‘spiritual’ Adam into a merely ‘psychical’ being. Through the apostasy Adam and Eve lost the (p. 83 But the Spirit was present with Adam and the human race in a preparatory manner, typifying the fullness which was, and still is, to come.