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Download Atomic Physics: Precise Measurements and Ultracold Matter by Massimo Inguscio, Leonardo Fallani PDF

By Massimo Inguscio, Leonardo Fallani

This ebook illustrates the heritage of Atomic Physics and indicates how its newest advances let the potential for appearing designated measurements and attaining a correct keep watch over at the atomic nation. Written in an introductory sort, this publication is addressed to complex undergraduate and graduate scholars, in addition to to more matured researchers who have to stay updated with the newest advances. The publication specializes in experimental investigations, illustrating milestone experiments and key experimental options, and discusses the implications and the demanding situations of up to date study. Emphasis is wear the investigations of precision physics: from the choice of basic constants of Nature to exams of basic Relativity and Quantum Electrodynamics; from the conclusion of ultra-stable atomic clocks to definitely the right simulation of condensed subject theories with ultracold gases. The ebook discusses those subject matters whereas tracing the evolution of experimental Atomic Physics from conventional laser spectroscopy to the revolution brought via laser cooling, which permits the manipulation of atoms at a billionth of a level above absolute 0 and divulges new frontiers of precision in atomic spectroscopy.

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Extra resources for Atomic Physics: Precise Measurements and Ultracold Matter

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3 The Rydberg constant The possibility of using the frequency comb for absolute frequency measurements allowed striking advances in the precise determination of the hydrogen transition frequencies. These experimental values are the primary input data for the determination of the Rydberg constant, which is the most accurately measured fundamental constant of Physics. , 2012). , 2004). , 1999). , 2008). The determination of R∞ is, of course, not only a matter of performing more and more precise experiments.

The first atomic maser, built in 1960 by H.

1 Alkali atoms Alkali atoms are multi-electron atoms with a remarkably simple level structure, which arises from the complete filling of all the inner electronic shells but the most external one, which is occupied only by one electron. The ground state of an alkali atom with atomic number Z has the electronic configuration {Z − 1} ns, where {Z − 1} indicates the electronic configuration of the noble gas which precedes it in the periodic table and the valence electron occupies the first available level with principal quantum number n and angular momentum l = 0.

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