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Download Between Sepharad and Jerusalem: History, Identity and Memory by Alisa Meyuḥas Ginio PDF

By Alisa Meyuḥas Ginio

Sephardim are the descendants of the Jews expelled from the lands of the Iberian Peninsula within the years 1492-1498, who settled down within the Mediterranean basin. The deciding on signal of the Sephardim has been, till the center of the 20 th century, the language referred to as Jewish-Spanish. The heritage, identification and reminiscence of the Sephardim of their Mediterranean dispersal are analysed via the writer with a unique connection with the Sephardi group of Jerusalem and to the cultural and social alterations that characterised the past due 19th century and the 1st 1/2 the 20 th century. even if, as a result of the the most important alterations concerning modernization and the political situations that got here into being on the flip of the 19th century and the 1st half the 20 th century, the Sephardim misplaced their particular id.

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Additional info for Between Sepharad and Jerusalem: History, Identity and Memory of the Sephardim

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The Expulsion from Spain On 31 March 1492, the Catholic Kings1 Fernando [Ferdinand] (1452–1516) and Isabel [Isabella] (1451–1504) signed, in Granada – whose gates they had entered at the end of a campaign against the last Muslim emirates on the soil of the Iberian Peninsula – the expulsion order applying to all Jews in their countries. 2 The Jews were allowed a three-month 1 This title of ‘Los Reyes Católicos’ was bestowed upon Fernando [Ferdinand] king of Aragón and his wife Isabel [Isabella] queen of Castilla (Castile) by Pope Alexander VI Borgia (Borja) in 1496 for their achievements in the war against the heretics.

Meyuḥas Ginio, Together Yet Apart, 109–32 [Hebrew]. Andrés Bernáldez, Memorias del reinado de los Reyes Católicos, ed. C. Rosell, BAE-Biblio­ teca de Autores Españoles, 70, 562. (reed: M. Gómez Moreno and Juan de Mata Carriazo, Madrid: Real Academia de la Historia, 1962). The priest Andrés Bernáldez (1450–1513), who originated in Andaluz, expressed negative opinions about the Jews and yet could not hide his admiration for them for their clinging to the tradition of their fathers. See also Baer, History 2, 439; 511 n.

Ibid. Introduction: Who Is A Sephardi? 21 as things relate to social identity and awareness of cultural cooperation, it is preferable, I feel, for the power of the Jewish Spanish language as a unifying, cohesive factor for the entire body of Sephardim in their Mediterranean dispersal to act as a factor defining their the identity as Sephardim. The Language of the Sephardim Now we must direct our attention to the Jewish Spanish language or as it is actually commonly called: Ladino. The historical foundation of the Jewish Spanish language is the Romance language,64 spoken in the Iberian Peninsula in the Middle Ages, in a number of dialects: Castilian, Aragonese, Catalan, and so on.

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