By Hugh McLeod
The 20 th century observed adjustments as dramatic as any in Christian historical past. The church buildings suffered severe losses, either via persecution and during secularization, in what have been for a number of centuries their ecu heartlands, yet grew quick in Africa and components of Asia. This quantity offers a finished historical past of Catholicism, Protestantism and the autonomous church buildings in all components of the realm within the century while Christianity really turned an international faith. Written through a robust group of experts from many alternative international locations, the quantity is vast in scope.
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Extra info for Cambridge History of Christianity: Volume 9, World Christianities c.1914-c.2000
II, pp. 1199–210 and C. Falconi, The popes of the twentieth century (London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1967), pp. 151–234. 12 J. N. Molony, The emergence of political Catholicism in Italy: Partito Popolare: 1919–1926 (London: Croom Helm, 1977), chs. 6 and 7. 13 See the entry for ‘Facism’ (sic) in J. A. ), The new dictionary of Catholic social thought (Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 1994), pp. 381–8. 14 While some contemporary Catholic observers, including Mgr Giambattista Montini, the future Paul VI, criticised the Lateran settlement as a dangerous endorsement of fascism, it brought many long-term benefits, including a stronger influence in Italian civil society and new diplomatic prestige.
17 Cambridge Histories Online © Cambridge University Press, 2008 HUGH MCLEOD Salvation Army, the Episcopal church, and others besides. In the north-east of Ireland, on the other hand, the deep split between Catholic and Protestant had come by the early twentieth century to supersede all other religious distinctions. Here too, Protestants were divided into many denominations, but the differences, once bitterly contested, were by now of secondary importance. The sectarian divide in Ireland revolved primarily round differing responses to Irish nationalism.
The new dictionary of Catholic social thought (Collegeville, MN: Liturgical Press, 1994), pp. 381–8. 14 While some contemporary Catholic observers, including Mgr Giambattista Montini, the future Paul VI, criticised the Lateran settlement as a dangerous endorsement of fascism, it brought many long-term benefits, including a stronger influence in Italian civil society and new diplomatic prestige. 15 Pius XI used his authority to drive forward Benedict’s new policy of establishing a native clergy and even episcopate in the colonial territories of the European powers, and in 1926 issued another encyclical on the missions, Rerum ecclesiae, ordained six Chinese bishops in St Peter’s Basilica, and declared unequivocally: ‘The missions must have nothing to do with nationalism.