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By Geoffrey de Ste. Croix, Michael Whitby, Joseph Streeter

This quantity brings jointly seven seminal papers by way of the nice radical historian Geoffrey de Ste. Croix, who died in 2000, on early Christian themes, with a distinct concentrate on persecution and martyrdom. Christian martyrdom is a subject which inspires prepared pictures of inhumane persecutors faced through Christian heroes who perish for the immediate yet win the long term conflict for popularity. In 5 of those essays Ste. Croix scrutinizes the facts to bare the numerous function of Christians themselves, first as volunteer martyrs and later, after the triumph of Christianity within the early fourth century, as organizers of even more potent persecutions. A 6th essay pursues the query of the keep watch over of Christianity via a finished research of the context for one of many Church's most crucial and divisive doctrinal judgements, on the Council of Chalcedon (AD 451); the major position of the emperor and his senior secular officers is printed, opposite to the present interpretation of Church historians. eventually the attitudes of the early Church in the direction of estate and slavery are reviewed, to teach the divide among the Gospel message and genuine perform.

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Christian Persecution, Martyrdom, and Orthodoxy

This quantity brings jointly seven seminal papers via the nice radical historian Geoffrey de Ste. Croix, who died in 2000, on early Christian subject matters, with a different concentrate on persecution and martyrdom. Christian martyrdom is a subject which inspires prepared photographs of inhumane persecutors faced through Christian heroes who perish for the immediate yet win the long term conflict for popularity.

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89 For some background to Religionswissenschaft, see S. Marchand, ‘From Liberalism to Neoromanticism: Albrecht Dieterich, Richard Reizenstein, and the Religious Turn in Fin de Sie`cle German Classical Studies’, in I. Gildenhard and M. ), Out of Arcadia: Classics and Politics in Germany in the Age of Burckhardt, Nietzsche and Wilamowitz (London, 2003), 129–60; for religious studies in relation to the historiography of the later Roman Empire, see A. Demandt, Der Fall Roms: die AuXo¨sung des ro¨mischen Reiches im urteil der Nachwelt (Munich, 1984), 246–73.

Moore, The Formation of a Persecuting Society (Oxford, 1987), 4. 63 One might note that Ste. Croix’s interpretation of the post-Constantinian Empire, with its emphasis on intolerance and persecution, overlaps with that of a number of European scholars who lived through the Second World War. For a comparison between intolerance in the later Roman Empire and in 1930s and 1940s Europe, see F. Poulsen, Glimpses of Roman Culture, trans. J. D. Hansen (Leiden, 1952), 276. Herbert Bloch saw 4th-cent. Rome as a period ‘kindred’ with the years 1910–60, which he described as a ‘period of darkness .

72 G. W. Clarke, The Letters of St. Cyprian, i (Ancient Christian Writers 43; New York, 1984), esp. 22–5; also ‘Third-century Christianity’, CAH xii: 625–6. R. Selinger, Die Religionspolitik des Kaisers Decius: Anatomie einer Christenverfolgung (Frankfurt, 1994), esp. 29–37, and idem, The Mid-Third Century Persecutions of Decius and Valerian (Frankfurt, 2002), esp. 63–8; J. B. Rives, ‘The Decree of Decius and the Religion of Empire’, JRS 89 (1999), 135–54, esp. 141–2. Note that this argument is not altogether new: Baynes advocated a similar position in the 1930s; see his ‘The Great Persecution’ at CAH xii: 657.

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