By Woodruff Turner Sullivan III (auth.)
Radio suggestions have been the nrst to steer astronomy clear of the quiescent and restricted Universe printed via conventional observations at optical wave lengths. within the earliest days of radio astronomy, a handful of radio physicists and engineers made one startling discovery after one other as they unfolded the radio sky. With this number of vintage papers and the large intro ductory fabric, the reader can event those interesting discoveries, in addition to comprehend the constructing concepts and persist with the motivations which triggered a few of the strains of inquiry. for example she or he will keep on with intimately the various makes an attempt to notice radio waves from the sunlight on the flip of the century; the unravelling through Jansky of a "steady hiss kind static"; the very good tale of Reber who equipped a nine meter dish in his yard in 1937 after which mapped the Milky method; the very important discoveries by way of hi there and associates of radio bursts from the solar and of a discrete resource within the constellation of Cygnus; the advance of receivers and interferometry within the post-war years by means of the teams led by way of Ryle in Cambridge and Pawsey in Sydney; the nrst measurements and interesting identiftcations of Taurus A (the Crab Nebula), Centaurus A, Virgo A, Cassiopeia A, and Cygnus A, the final commencing the neld of radio cosmology; the early improvement of synchroton thought; and the prediction and discovery seven years later of the 21 cm line of impartial hy drogen.
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N, TIME Fig. * represented by the line DO in Fig. 3. Then at midnight on the first day of winter, the relation between the direction of arrival and the location of the receiver will be as shown at A in Fig. 4. Since the receiver lies in north latitude 40 degrees 22 minutes and the declination of the direction or arrival of the waves is 0 degrees, then at the instant represented the horizontal component of the direction of arrival would be north as shown by the broken arrow. Six hours later the condition shown at B would exist and the horizontal component of the direction of arrival would coincide with the true direction and would be east.
Furthermore, as the time interval before or after the direction of arrival coincides with the meridian of the receiver is increased, the waves must travel through an increasing thickness of the earth's atmosphere so that any bending of the waves cfj,used by the ionized layers would increase also. At the time the direction of arrival coincides with the meridian of the receiver this bending is confined to the plane determined by the right ascension of the direction of arrival, and will therefore cause no error in the measurement of the right ascension if the data used for its determination are taken at this time, as has been done.
Calculations indicate, however, that these two cases imply that the zone time which Jansky here quotes is Eastern Daylight Time. Yet it is quite certain from a detailed comparison of Figures 1 and 2 in this paper and Figure 2 of Paper 2 that all Figures are, in fact, labelled with Eastern Standard Time. SECTION B FIRST MAPS OF THE GALAXY The following papers by Grote Reber, all entitled "Cosmic Static", span a decade of scientific investigation by a most remarkable man. Reber singlehandedly carried on the science of radio astronomy, despite the fact that he could only do research during his free hours at home.