By Mehtab Singh, R.B. Singh, M.I. Hassan
The over-exploitation of vital earth assets reminiscent of land and water has ended in a couple of environment-related difficulties across the world. even as, land-use swap because of a variety of human actions has ended in extinction of many plant and animal habitats and species. during this context, the relevance of biodiversity for human survival is turning into a huge foreign political factor as clinical proof builds at the worldwide healthiness implications of biodiversity loss. those matters are heavily associated with the difficulty of weather switch, as the various wellbeing and fitness dangers because of weather swap are linked to speedy degradation of biodiversity. This current paintings makes a speciality of holistic usual resource-based spatio-temporal making plans, improvement, and administration and considers them as necessary to retailer the degraded environment for sustainable source administration. Contributions are compiled in volumes: 1. weather switch and Biodiversity and a couple of. panorama Ecology and Water administration. Geoinformatics besides its instruments reminiscent of distant sensing and geographical details structures (GIS) were utilized in assessing the result of a number of environmental difficulties either actual and social. the amount may be precious for geographers, geoscientists, hydrologists, panorama ecologists, environmentalists, engineers, planners and coverage makers.
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Additional resources for Climate Change and Biodiversity: Proceedings of IGU Rohtak Conference, Vol. 1
Debnath Introduction Climate change is a long term shift or alteration in the climatic regime of a specific location, a region or the entire planet leading to environmental hazards and change in the human way of life. It is manifested in the coastal regions through sea level changes, salinization of fresh water sources, frequent occurrences of destructive storms and cyclones, increased variability of monsoonal rains and temperature conditions, fall in groundwater levels, increased pest population and resultant crop losses.
This markedly alters the geomorphology of the region. Aman (monsoon) paddy production shows a fall in production from 28,000 kg/ha in 2008–2009 to 14, 000 kg/ha in 2010–2011 in most of the villages. Boro (winter) paddy showed even greater fall from 34,000 kg/ha in 2008–2009 to 20,000 kg/ha in 2011–2012. ), Gosaba. In Chotto Mollahkali aman yield fell from 34,000 kg/ha to 12,000 kg/ha. while in Sadhupur boro yield fell from 37,000 kg/ha to 19,000 kg/ha in the post-Aila period. This change has been shown through bar diagrams in Figs.
As India is a large country with different climatic condition, 7 regions were formed for whole India on the basis of meteorological characteristics. These regions are, Homogeneous Indian Monsoon, Core-Monsoon India, North West India, West Central India, Central Northeast India, North East India and Peninsular India (except the hilly regions in the north) as given in Fig. 1. The study area covers about 2,880,000 km2 areas for whole India. The data were assessed by annual, seasonal and monthly basis where summer months extend from March to May, monsoon from June to September, post-monsoon from October to November and winter from December to February.