By Jingjing Yan
This ebook adopts a linear optimization technique and introduces a dynamic optimization simulation version for interpreting artificial environmental rules as endogenous variables so as to enhance the surroundings and supply extra biomass power. The version considers either the full ecological approach and the socio-economic situational adjustments. the aim of the learn is to set up potent usage tools for biomass assets in addition to to coordinate source reutilization, environmental conservation and fiscal improvement, and eventually to accomplish sustainable improvement of society. via determining for exam a regular suburb of an incredible urban in China (Miyun County close to Beijing), the e-book improves the simulation version and makes a speciality of the evaluate of water pollutant minimization in keeping with the ecological worth of Miyun Reservoir. within the simulation, the writer takes under consideration the explicit and distinct features of China’s financial system and social nation when it comes to sustained monetary progress expense, monetary subordination family and neighborhood environmental rules, all of which range from the version for Japan. past those thoughts, the e-book introduces complicated applied sciences from Japan and China to the research quarter via simulation with built-in rules, and provides a neighborhood research and allocation method for those applied sciences, that have verified outstanding operability in perform, in mild of the present stipulations and restricted money in China.
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Additional info for Comprehensive Evaluation of Effective Biomass Resource Utilization and Optimal Environmental Policies
The Author(s) 2015 J. 1 Framework of the Model The dynamic simulation model consisted of a water pollutants flow balance model, socio-economic model and one objective function. The policy was derived to minimize T-N, which was subjected to sub-models. The water pollutants flow balance model describes how the pollutants flow into the rivers and reservoir. The socio-economic model represents the social and economic activities in the region and the relationship between the activities and emission of pollutants.
We classified the water pollutant generation sources as household, non-point, production and pig farming. Household wastewater disposal systems were classified into two categories based on the situations in the suburbs; land use was classified into five categories of non-point generation sources and industry was classified into seven Socio-economic Activities Water pollutants Water Pollutants Flow Balance Model Socio-economic Model Government Sewage Plant Subsidy for Treatment Measures Wet Methane Fermentation Household River Miyun Reservoir Livestock Farms Farming Constrains on the gross regional product (GRP) Objective Function Min.
Stockbreeding wastes in the catchment areas of Miyun Reservoir contribute heavily to water pollution. 3 shows the detailed structure of water pollutants of the catchment area of Miyun Reservoir, the amount of T-N emitted by pig farming industry accounted about 25 % of total amount of T-N. 5). Therefore, pig farming industry has become the source of the most serious pollutants to Miyun Reservoir. Future development of Miyun County and decreases in annual runoff to Miyun Reservoir are expected to significantly influence the regional environment and the water quality of Miyun Reservoir worsen, leading to a serious water safety crisis for Beijing.