By Anatol Stefanowitsch, Stefan Th. Gries
The papers during this quantity care for the problem of the way corpus info relate to the questions that cognitive linguists have ordinarily investigated with admire to conceptual mappings. The authors during this quantity examine quite a lot of concerns - the coherence and serve as of specific metaphorical versions, the interplay of shape and which means, the id of resource domain names of metaphorical expressions, the connection among metaphor and discourse, the priming of metaphors, and the old improvement of metaphors. The stories take care of quite a few metaphorical and metonymic resource and goal domain names, together with the resource domain names house, ANIMALS, physique components, agencies and conflict, and the objective domain names VERBAL job, economic system, feelings and POLITICS. of their reviews, the authors current numerous corpus-linguistic equipment for the research of conceptual mappings, for instance, corpora annotated for semantic different types, concordances of person source-domain goods and styles, and concordances of target-domain goods. In sum, the papers during this quantity exhibit how a variety of corpus-linguistic equipment can be utilized to enquire various concerns in cognitive linguistics; the mix of corpus equipment with a cognitive-linguistic view of metaphor and metonymy yields new solutions to outdated questions (and to new questions) in regards to the courting among language as a conceptual phenomenon and language as a textual phenomenon.
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Extra info for Corpus-based Approaches to Metaphor And Metonymy (Trends in Linguistics: Studies and Monographs, Vol. 171)
In this sentence the verb ‘blast’ is used to refer to the force of one or more utterances in which Clarke forcefully countered the criticisms of those who believed that he could ensure a new electoral victory for the Conservative 1. In their ‘Speech Act classification’ (which includes 4,800 English verbs) Balmer and Brennenstuhl (1981) do not restrict themselves to verbs that have performative uses, but include ‘any kind of (aspect of) speech activity designating verb’ (Ballmer and Brennenstuhl 1981: 16).
Overall, NRSA is not equally distributed within the corpus: the press section has 470 instances, the (auto)biography section has 361, and the fiction section only 154 (see Semino and Short 2004: 73 for a discussion of these differences among our three text-types). However, the proportion of metaphorical NRSAs is very similar across the three genres: 22 per cent for the newspaper section, 17 per cent for the fiction section, and 23 per cent for the (auto)biography section. The majority of metaphorical NRSAs in the corpus involve the metaphorical use of verbs, as in the case of ‘blast’ in example 2.
This is to some extent a matter of taste. Typical, best-example idioms (for example, keep one’s head above water) are frozen phrases that were originally metaphors (even when, as in the case of the much-quoted example kick the bucket, the original metaphor is lost, obscure, or disputed). There is nothing metaphorical about the most normal uses of at sea, so it is best to class it as a phraseological phenomenon rather than as an idiom. The expression at sea has, however, given rise to an idiom, the canonical form of which is all at sea.