By Despoina Papadopoulou
This e-book argues in favour of cross-linguistic version in sentence processing via offering empirical information from ambiguity solution in Greek as L1 and L2. it truly is maintained that during hugely inflected languages, like Greek, preliminary parsing judgements are made up our minds via the interplay of morphological and lexical cues instead of by means of common parsing rules.
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Extra resources for Cross-linguistic Variation in Sentence Processing: Evidence From R C Attachment Preferences in Greek (Studies in Theoretical Psycholinguistics)
The Head Attachment principle does not differentiate between the two DPs that precede the RC, since both DPs include lexical heads encountered before the RC is processed, thus equally available hosts for the RC. In addition, the Preferred Role attachment principle does not operate in the case of RC-attachment ambiguity, because the RC, being a modifier, cannot be assigned a thematic role. In order to accommodate the results from RC attachment ambiguity with their model, Hemforth and her colleagues extended the Head Attachment model, by assuming that the processing of RCs involves the binding of the relative pronoun, by which the RC is introduced, to its antecedent.
Thornton et al. interpreted their findings as suggesting that the modifiability of the two nouns is one factor that determines PP-attachment across different languages. Notice, however, that the modifiability of the nouns, though it constrained PP-attachment preferences, did not reverse the patterns of attachment preferences in the two conditions. The cross-linguistic differences between English and Spanish found in Thornton et al. (1999)’s study have been attributed to the availability of alternative structures that shape the distributional patterns in the two languages.
Fodor makes the assumption that even in silent reading native speakers of a certain language impose the prosodic phrasing on the sentences they read. Some studies (cf. LovriT, 2003; LovriT and Fodor, 2000 among others) have investigated this hypothesis and have found that prosody does have an effect on processing preferences. The advantage of such a proposal is that the universality and generality of a locality principle is maintained and any variation observed is attributed to prosodic effects.