By Guy Woodward (Eds.)
This thematic quantity represents an immense and intriguing benchmark within the examine of nutrition webs and different ecological networks, synthesising and showcasing present study and highlighting destiny instructions for the advance of the sphere. Updates and informs the reader at the most modern examine findingsWritten by way of best specialists within the fieldHighlights components for destiny research
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Extra resources for Ecological Networks
SPACE-FOR-TIME SUBSTITUTION Space and time have long fascinated scientists in general, and biologists in particular. Seemingly endless numbers of papers, ideas and vast amounts of research effort have been devoted to either one of them, but some have also focused upon how they are related and asked: are space and time inherently different? Essentially, is time just one more dimension in a 4D-‘space’, or are space and time even interchangeable—a uniformitarian thought? In ecology, one of the most commonly used phrases is ‘spatio-temporal variation’, although in reality few studies make a real effort to bring the two together (Figure 6).
OLESEN ET AL. Plants sorted from left to right according to descending linkage level Observed links Animals sorted from top to bottom according to descending linkage level Forbidden links due to other constraints than phenological uncoupling Forbidden links due to phenological uncoupling Figure 14 Plant–animal mutualistic interaction matrix sorted in a nested way according to decreasing linkage level from the upper left corner. In a perfectly nested matrix, all links will be inside the area ‘Observed links’.
Boltonii/ P. 1 0 0 200 400 600 800 Distance from source (m) Figure 7 Evidence for ergodicity in the Broadstone Stream food web. , 2002); the lower panel depicts the quotient of numerical abundance of the two predators (solid line) and pH (dashed line) over a spatial gradient across the entire length of the acidified 800 m section of the stream. FROM BROADSTONE TO ZACKENBERG 19 often related but not perfectly interchangeable. Ergodic and ergodicity come from Greek: ergon and hodos meaning ‘work/energy’ and ‘path’.