By James B. Bell (auth.)
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Extra info for Empire, Religion and Revolution in Early Virginia, 1607–1786
These two distinguishing characteristics gave form to the institution for the remainder of the colonial era, during the Revolutionary War, and afterwards, as it passed through a period of reorganization and reconstitution. 37 Clergymen were responsible for enforcing attendance, with the ﬁne of three shillings for each transgression going to the church rather than the state. Servants who wilfully neglected their master’s command to attend church were to be whipped. But the Assembly did not ban profanations of the Lord’s Day.
16 The stern military laws of the Netherlands, where both Gates and Dale had served, were reﬂected in the new legislation, although the code of laws also embodied some of the religious ideals of the company’s charter. Even though the statutes were not rigorously enforced, they serve as a reminder that strict, rigid legislation on religious matters was found in Anglican Virginia as well as in Puritan New England. Following the example of the Dale Laws the company required the governors and clergy to maintain religious and moral discipline and order in the parishes or face punitive consequences.
After more than four decades of petitions to English ofﬁcials by Irish leaders for the establishment of a college in Dublin the crown ﬁnally granted a charter for Trinity College in 1592. Several of the original founders and 22 Empire, Religion and Revolution in Early Virginia, 1607–1786 early faculty members had been educated at the Cambridge colleges. Puritan ideas and intellectual inﬂuences among Cambridge scholars and students particularly inﬂuenced the Irish church life and provided an indelible academic and theological link for the new Dublin institution.