By David Jerome Hunkeler, Kerstin Lichtenvort, Gerald Rebitzer, Andreas Ciroth, SETAC-Europe
Balances clinical and monetary issues of View to completely deal with administration concerns Responding to the necessity for rationalization and benchmarks, Environmental existence Cycle Costing offers the basic foundation on which to set up a definitive technique. essentially defining environmental LCC, this ebook balances medical and financial issues of view and carefully addresses the administration standpoint. Demonstrates the method From challenge Definition to research, to Presentation The ebook makes a speciality of environmental LCC but additionally analyzes traditional LCC and societal LCC, supplying case experiences for every. It provides the hyperlink among existence cycle costing and lifestyles cycle evaluate after which explores public, deepest, and societal strategies. The booklet additionally explains all parts of the strategy utilizing the cross-cutting instance of a showering desktop. It additionally offers categorizations that let the tactic to be tailored or streamlined as a functionality of the time to be had to the practitioner. Case learn packing containers exhibit the method for conducting an LCC, from challenge definition to research and supreme presentation to the choice maker. specialists combine traditional pondering with rising principles Environmental LCC summarizes all expenses linked to the lifestyles cycle of a product despite who bears these bills. It comprises current and destiny cash flows in addition to these to be internalized within the determination proper destiny. A collaboration of specialists on the vanguard of analysis, this e-book ties traditional considering on existence cycle bills into rising idea and perform by means of together with environmental and social price analyses and linking LCC to the environmental and social pillars of sustainability.
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The differences between conventional LCC, * One could define “externalities” in terms of their cost — or, alternatively, either the costs not accounted for in the system or the costs not directly borne by a specific firm. Herein, the 1st definition is used and preferred. 1 The 3 types of LCC. ) None (LCA: ISO 14040/44 2006) Use in life cycle management (LCM) Mostly internal decision making to private organization and supply chain considerations Mostly internal decision making of producer or user of product, but also for external communication (similar to LCA) Discounting of result of LCC Discounting of cash flows for calculation LCA according to ISO14040/44 (2006) Recommended Not recommended due to risk of double counting and inconsistencies For various elements thereof, including from the United Nations (UN) and Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD; Dasgupta et al.
The need to consider LCC from the perspective of who bears the cost is highlighted in a case study. Explanations are given as to when it is appropriate to include taxes, tariffs, and externalities such as willingness-to-pay values. The aggregation of costs is also summarized. 1 INTRODUCTION One could certainly question how fundamental the differences are between the types of LCC and what practical consequence these variations have in carrying out the analysis. Within this chapter, the dimensions of costing are examined, each one attempting to respond to a set of questions that may arise when one is involved in collecting, or estimating, the costs to be included in an LCC, including the following: r How are costs modeled?
For example, the European Commission is following this 3-pillar concept in its policy impact assessments, which are separated into disaggregated economic, environmental, and social impact assessments (European Union 2005b). ), and the issues of prospective LCC versus retrospective LCC are heavily debated topics in LCC that are not solved in conventional LCC so far. 2, should be overcome by environmental LCC, which is presented in detail in Chapter 3 as the core innovative type of LCC in this book.