By Robert McLeman, Jeanette Schade, Thomas Faist
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Etzold et al. Study Area and Methodology Our study focused on the Kurigram District of Rangpur in northern Bangladesh. The majority of the population in Kurigram pursues agricultural livelihoods, meaning that household security is directly dependent on rainfall. The region is known for a high incidence of poverty and seasonal food insecurity during the so-called monga period, when rice planted during the rainy season has yet to be harvested. The area is susceptible to monsoon flooding and riverbank erosion and has experienced signiﬁcant changes in overall rainfall patterns.
Rademachaer-Schultz and Schraven look at seasonal migration in the dry-land region of northern Ghana. There, people used to migrate during the dry season when food was scarce and their labour was not needed. Lately, the timing of out-migration has shifted to the rainy periods, especially among poorer and vulnerable households. These migrants are lured by opportunities in small-scale, informal mining elsewhere in the country. However, this results in reduced farm productivity and increased risk of food scarcity for those left behind should the migrant not remit sufﬁcient funds to offset the absence of his or her labour.
We also recognize the efforts of the research team led by Ahsan U. Ahmed, the logistical support by CARE Bangladesh and CARE International, in particular Kevin Henry and Aurélie Ceinos, and the conceptual and methodological basis that was laid for this research by the UNU-EHS team around Koko Warner. We also thank Prof. Dr. Hans-Georg Bohle, University of Bonn, for his support of the research, Andrea Milan from UNU-EHS for providing training and participating in the ﬁrst phase of research, geography students Serge Birtel and Simon Peth for gathering additional insights in Bangladesh, and to AxaRe and the MacArthur-Foundation for funding our work.