By N.L. DOBRETSOV, V.S. ZYKIN, V.S. ZYKINA (auth.), Hartmut Vogtmann, Nikolai Dobretsov (eds.)
Climate switch, non-sustainable land administration and the inadequate participation of the neighborhood inhabitants results in land degradation difficulties in elements of the Altai sector, such as China, Kazakhstan, Mongolia and the Russian Federation.
This publication offers very important points of environmental protection and sustainable land use ordinarily and specifically for critical Asia, i.e. the environmental results of weather switch; sustainable land use and nearby improvement; sustainable improvement in mountain and steppe areas; past borders: Transboundary Biosphere Reserve "Altai" as an technique for nearby improvement; panorama making plans as an integrative device for sustainable improvement; demanding situations and threats for environmental balance in significant Asia.
A ultimate suggestion within the region of sustainable improvement and land use in addition to the continuing efforts in the direction of the institution of the Transboundary Biosphere Reserve "Altai" and the implementation of panorama making plans have been set within the ebook as a few of the major result of the assembly.
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Extra resources for Environmental Security and Sustainable Land Use - with special reference to Central Asia
Longer vegetation period means more humidity needed by plants or the more water is needed for irrigation. 47 H. Vogtmann and N. ), Environmental Security and Sustainable Land Use – with special reference to Central Asia, 47–56. © 2006 Springer. Printed in the Netherlands. 48 M. ] 100 200 300 243 233 225 188 177 165 The need of humidity in altitudes over 100 m is on average 600 – 670 mm in the big vegetation period and 500 – 580 mm in the main vegetation period. The fact is that in altitudes up to approximately 350 m the need of humidity exceeds the amount of precipitation.
Comparative estimation of the decrease of direct solar radiation after eruption of volcanoes at stations of the CIS has shown, that it varies from 24% (volcanoes Fouego, Soufriere, Saint Helens, Adelaide, Agung) up to 1025% (volcanoes Montpelier, Katmai, Krakatoa, El-Chichon, Pinatubo). 5%. Last eruption of the volcano Pinatubo has led to the decrease in direct radiation more than by 25%. 5-5 % . 03% per year. In cities the rate has 2-3 fold increase depending on city pollution degree. Total radiation on the territory of Belarus in overwhelming number of months, and for the year in general, decreases.
Especially precise distinctions of the maximal and minimal temperature in cities and countrysides are marked in summer. Differences of amplitudes of a daily course of temperature at stations "Maryina Gorka Minsk", "Vasilevichi-Gomel" are also the greatest in summer [1,4]. Let's consider possible reasons of the received distinctions of temperature in large cities and countryside. Principal cause of the received distinctions of the maximal temperature in large cities and countryside is the raise of aerosol pollution of cities.