By Euripides, C. A. E. Luschnig, Hanna M. Roisman
Publish 12 months note: First released in 2011
Among the best-known Greek tragedies, Electra is additionally one of many performs scholars of Greek usually learn within the unique language. It tells the tale of ways Electra and her brother, Orestes, avenge the homicide in their father, Agamemnon, via their mom and her lover. H. M. Roisman and C. A. E. Luschnig have built a brand new version of this seminal tragedy designed for twenty-first-century study rooms. integrated with the Greek textual content are an invaluable creation, line-by-line observation, and different fabrics in English, all meant to aid intermediate and complex undergraduate students.
Electra's gripping tale and nearly modern suppose assist in making the play available and fascinating to fashionable audiences. The liberties Euripides took with the normal fable and the playwright's attitudes towards the gods can encourage fruitful lecture room dialogue approximately fifth-century Athenian idea, manners, and morals. Roisman and Luschnig invite readers to check Euripides' therapy of the parable with these of Aeschylus and Sophocles and with version displays in epic and lyric poetry, later drama, and sleek movie. The advent additionally locations the play in old context and describes conventions of the Greek theater particular to the work.
Extensive appendices offer a whole metrical research of the play, invaluable notes on grammar and syntax, an index of verbs, and a Greek-English thesaurus. in brief, the authors have incorporated every little thing scholars have to help and increase their examining of Electra in its unique language.
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Additional resources for Euripides' Electra: A Commentary (Oklahoma Series in Classical Culture Series, Volume 38)
The chorus participates in the action, often with advice or information. In Electra, the chorus brings news of and an invitation to the festival INTRODUCTION 15 of Hera. Though declined by Electra, this festival can still be imagined to take place on the day after tomorrow, after all the tragic events have been enacted, adding to the timelessness of the rural setting with its calendar of regular seasonal events and to the normalcy of the Chorus, which contrasts with the singularity of Electra and her kin.
Stesichorus’ Oresteia, according to POxy. 2506 (Davies, PMG 217), mentioned the recognition by a lock of hair. This places Electra firmly in the story of the revenge and suggests that she played a role in it along with her brother. We do not know from these sources, however, how her participation was depicted: how active, how passive, and whether commended or criticized. The post-Homeric, pre-tragic sources thus show the motifs of the sacrifice of Iphigenia, the murder of Agamemnon, the sheltering of Orestes by Strophius, king of Phocis and father of Pylades, Orestes’ return home with Pylades, Clytemnestra’s dream, Electra’s recognition of her brother by his lock of hair, the revenge, and Apollo’s sanction of it.
INTRODUCTION 25 Greek meters are based on alternations of long and short syllables in regular patterns. A syllable is long if it contains either (a) a long vowel or diphthong or (b) a short vowel followed by either two or more consonants or a double consonant j, c, z). The two consonants need not be in the same word. A mute (p, b, f, k, g, x, t, d, y) followed by a liquid (l, m, n, r) may or may not cause the preceding vowel to count as long. A syllable is short if its vowel is short and is followed by only one consonant or by a mute + liquid.