By Jean-Pierre Filiu
In his worrying and well timed booklet Jean-Pierre Filiu lays naked the ideas and strategies hired via
the center jap autocracies, notably these of Syria, Egypt, Yemen and Algeria, that got down to weigh down the democratic uprisings of the 'Arab Revolution.'
In pursuit of those targets they became to the intelligence firms and inner defense palms of the 'deep state,' the military, and to highway gangs equivalent to the Shabiha to implement their will. along actual intimidation, imprisonment and homicide, Arab counter-revolutionaries discredited and break up their competitors by means of boosting Salafi-Jihadi teams corresponding to Islamic kingdom. in addition they published from criminal hardline Islamists and secretly armed and funded them.
The complete capability of the Arab counter-revolution stunned such a lot observers, who inspiration that they had visible all of it from the Arab despots: their perversity, their brutality, their voracity. however the wider global underestimated their ferocious readiness actually to burn down their international locations so one can grasp to absolute energy. Bashar al-Assad clambered to the pinnacle of this murderous type of tyrants, using approximately half the Syrian inhabitants in to exile and executing tens of millions of his competitors. He has set a grisly precedent, one who different Arab autocrats are absolute to persist with of their pursuit of absolute power.
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Extra info for From Deep State to Islamic State: The Arab Counter-Revolution and its Jihadi Legacy
The star of the AKP ‘Turkish model’ had already paled in the various Arab countries undergoing democratic transitions, with mounting opposition against the initially victorious Islamist parties. 25 â•… In Egypt, by contrast, there was no love lost between the Muslim Brotherhood and the Turkish Islamists, both vying for the pivotal role in worldwide political Islam. But a ubiquitous Deep State was being blamed for many of the country’s problems and, Â€ 16 MEET THE DEEP STATE as had been the standard procedure in Turkey, every actor denounced his enemy for manipulating this shadowy structure.
With the Sledgehammer case, Erdogan chastised the top brass for allegedly plotting against him as prime minister in 2003. He therefore blurred his fight against the Deep State by associating it with the generation-long showdown in Turkey between the Islamists and the military. So, instead of consolidating a national consensus against the Deep State, he fell back on his partisan base to settle old feuds. â•… The domestic reversal of the popular tides in favour of the self-righteous Erdogan occurred in 2012–13, when the concept of the Deep State became increasingly popular in Arab public debate.
The last sequence of this military cycle was completed in September 1969 when Colonel Moammar Qaddafi deposed the Libyan King Idris in a bloodless coup. 15 This was the first time that plotters had joined the military in order to seize power, and not the reverse. â•… Crown Prince Hassan Reda (Idris’ nephew) was swiftly arrested, along with the main decision-makers. Idris, who was then undergoing medical treatment in Turkey, was rendered powerless. Qaddafi himself read the usual ‘communiqué number one’ from Benghazi’s radio station, proclaiming the establishment of the ‘Libyan Arab Republic’.