By Linda Courtenay Botterill, Donald A Wilhite (auth.), Linda Courtenay Botterill, Donald A. Wilhite (eds.)
In 1992 Australia’s Commonwealth and kingdom governments introduced the advent of a countrywide Drought coverage adopting an leading edge possibility administration process, which obtained large aid from Australia’s significant political events and the coverage neighborhood.
This trail-blazing try out and the reports with the advance and implementation of this coverage over the last decade have intrigued the overseas clinical and coverage groups. the current booklet contains an academically targeted selection of papers, which the Editors desire will supply others relocating in the same course with the good thing about adventure. The paintings highlights the successes and demanding situations of a stream from catastrophe to threat administration in responding to drought.
As such it is going to be a worthy and worthy addition to the foreign literature on drought preparedness and response.
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Additional resources for From Disaster Response to Risk Management: Australia's National Drought Policy
However, in regions of high interannual variability such as the subtropics, the long-term average may not reflect the actual nature of rainfall in any particular year (Figure 9). Identifying drought can be particularly difficult in these areas. 7. A brief history of Australian drought Rainfall deficits and drought are a recurrent feature of the climate of Australia. On average a severe drought occurs somewhere in Australia approximately once in 18 years; actual return intervals vary between 4 and almost 40 years.
The indications are that there is a great deal for outsiders to learn. The Karajarri people of the Kimberley, for example, distinguish between the water which flows under the ground toward the coast, and the freshwater streams that feed the springs. The first type is a ‘deep salty, pressurised stream that bubbles to the surface’; the second is freshwater. It arises on land, and also under the salt water in the sea (Lingiari Foundation 2002, p13). Rainbow Serpents and other large snakes are regularly associated with permanent water and with connections between the subsurface, surface, and aerial waters (see for example Radcliffe-Brown 1930).
Knowledge of forthcoming drought conditions will not permit those conditions to be avoided, but does allow appropriate management decision making to minimise drought impacts. 6. Aridity and drought in Australia As has been shown, much of Australia lies in the semi-arid subtropics, with average annual rainfall totals below 350 mm per year. Long-term average rainfall is calculated as the arithmetic mean of annual rainfall at each location over a period of time, usually at least 30 years (the most recent World Meteorological Organisation climatological averaging period is 1961-1990).