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Download Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry by John E. McMurry, Mary E. Castellion, David S. Ballantine, PDF

By John E. McMurry, Mary E. Castellion, David S. Ballantine, Carl A. Hoeger, Virginia E. Peterson

This best-seller bears the hallmark of all John McMurry’s books. On variety, it's concise and avoids the ‘wordiness’ of so much GOB texts. On substance, it's strange in its stability of chemical strategies to provide an explanation for the quantitative elements of chemistry, and gives higher intensity of perception into the theoretical chemical ideas. This makes for a much broader spectrum of different angles from which to view chemistry, and therefore, captures a better variety of readers. With a spotlight on challenge fixing and interesting discussions of appropriate purposes, this quantity successfully covers the necessities of allied wellbeing and fitness chemistry and places it within the context of way of life. This revision provides new authors; the writer group now contains a expert in every one particular region of GOB (David Ballantine, basic Chemistry; Carl Hoeger, natural Chemistry; Virginia Peterson, Biochemistry).

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Additional resources for Fundamentals of General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry (6th Edition)

Sample text

The element nickel is a hard, shiny metal, and the compound hydrogen chloride is a colorless gas that dissolves in water to give a solution called hydrochloric acid. When pieces of nickel are added to hydrochloric acid in a test tube, the nickel is slowly eaten away, the colorless solution turns green, and a gas bubbles out of the test tube. The change in color, the dissolving of the nickel, and the appearance of gas bubbles are indications that a chemical reaction is taking place. Overall, the reaction of nickel with hydrochloric acid can be either written in words or represented in a shorthand notation using symbols, as shown below in brackets.

What kinds of properties does matter have? A property is any characteristic that can be used to describe or identify something. A physical property can be seen or measured without changing the chemical identity of the substance, (that is, color, melting point). A chemical property can only be seen or measured when the substance undergoes a chemical change, such as a chemical reaction. Liquid, p. 5 4. How are chemical elements represented? Elements are represented by one- or two-letter symbols, such as H for hydrogen, Ca for calcium, Al for aluminum, and so on.

000 000 120 m. 7. 000 001, for example. This manner of writing numbers is becoming more common and will be used throughout this book. 5. 2 Measuring Mass The terms mass and weight, though often used interchangeably, really have quite different meanings. Mass is a measure of the amount of matter in an object, whereas weight is a measure of the gravitational pull that the earth, moon, or other large body exerts on an object. Clearly, the amount of matter in an object does not depend on location. Whether you are standing on the earth or standing on the moon, the mass of your body is the same.

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