By Jon Gluyas, Simon Mathias
Chapters partly one talk about anthropogenic weather swap and the position of CCS, the modeling of garage means, injectivity, migration and trapping of CO2, the tracking of geological garage of CO2, and the position of strain in CCS. half strikes directly to discover the environmental, social, and regulatory elements of CCS together with CO2 leakage from geological garage amenities, danger review of CO2 garage complexes and public engagement in tasks, and the criminal framework for CCS. ultimately, the belief specializes in quite a few various initiatives and contains case reports of offshore CO2 garage at Sleipner normal fuel box underneath the North Sea, the CO2CRC Otway venture in Australia, on-shore CO2 garage on the Ketzin pilot web site in Germany, and the K12-B CO2 injection venture within the Netherlands.
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Additional info for Geological storage of carbon dioxide (CO2): Geoscience, technologies, environmental aspects and legal frameworks
The other half is produced by dispersed sources, such as buildings, or by mobile sources, such as road vehicles. 2) but the use of solid fuels and natural gas is increasing much faster than that of oil – solid fuel and gas is mainly used by the energy industries and other large centralised facilities whereas oil is mostly used for transport. g. plant that has substantial emissions from a single site) and are dominated by large organisations with access to substantial funds for investment, and which are subject to central regulation.
More novel means of monitoring the effectiveness of the injection and detecting possible failure of the security of storage, such as use of tracers, are being established but depend on large-scale projects to provide the means to demonstrate their effectiveness. Monitoring is an area where much remains to be done, and much will depend on the expansion of commercial-scale projects to provide the test beds for this learning. 5 Regulation The need for monitoring is very much driven by the regulation of storage, which is an area where substantial progress has been made in recent years, especially in Europe.
Until the 2011 Durban Conference of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, it had not been possible to win support from the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) for CCS projects. The decision at that conference to accept CCS as one of the technologies that could be accepted in emission reduction projects (and thereby gain credits for the emissions avoided) may make it possible for developing countries to install CCS projects. The practical details of the implementation of this decision will only become clear in time but this could be an important development for CCS – probably the first projects to use this will be ones where CO2 is separated from natural gas streams and reinjected nearby, as such projects have © Woodhead Publishing Limited, 2013 22 Geological storage of carbon dioxide (CO2) already been proposed for CDM funding.