By Dr. Bernhard Hofmann-Wellenhof, Dr. Herbert Lichtenegger, Dr. Elmar Wasle (auth.)
“GNSS - GPS, GLONASS, Galileo and extra” is the extension of the medical bestseller “GPS - idea and perform” to international Navigation satellite tv for pc structures (GNSS) and contains the Russian GLONASS, the ecu procedure Galileo, and extra structures.
The publication refers to GNSS within the regular feel to explain some of the latest reference structures for coordinates and time, the satellite tv for pc orbits, the satellite tv for pc signs, observables, mathematical versions for positioning, information processing, and information transformation.
With appreciate to the person platforms GPS, GLONASS, Galileo and extra, basically the categorical reference platforms, providers, the distance and the keep watch over section, in addition to satellite tv for pc signs are defined. moreover, augmentations through house- and ground-based platforms are mentioned.
This booklet is a university-level introductory textbook and is meant to function a reference for college kids in addition to for execs and scientists within the fields of geodesy, surveying engineering, navigation, and similar disciplines.
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Additional info for GNSS — Global Navigation Satellite Systems: GPS, GLONASS, Galileo, and more
97 hours in the dynamic time system or, equivalently, 12 sidereal hours. The ground track of the satellite, thus, repeats every sidereal day. The instantaneous position of the satellite within its orbit is described by angular quantities known as anomalies. The term anomaly has been retained for historical reasons. 2 lists anomalies commonly used. The mean anomaly M(t) is a mathematical abstraction relating to mean angular motion, while both the eccentric anomaly E(t) and the true anomaly (t) are geometrically producible (Fig.
A minimum of four Doppler observables is required to solve for the three components of the vehicle’s velocity vector and the frequency bias. For the sake of completeness, also the inverse case is considered here. If the relative velocity vector ∆ ˙ is known, then Eq. 4) enables the computation of the direction vector 0 . In the two-dimensional case, this vector deﬁnes a straight line as line of position (LOP) for the observing site. In the three-dimensional case, the corresponding surface of position (SOP) is a circular cone with the satellite as apex and its axis coinciding with the relative velocity vector (Hofmann-Wellenhof et al.
9. The Global Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS) is the Russian counterpart to GPS and is operated by the Russian military. GLONASS diﬀers from GPS in terms of the control segment, the space segment, and the signal structure. Details are given in Chap. 10. 6 1 Introduction Galileo is the European contribution to the future GNSS and will be discussed in detail in Chap. 11. A Chinese system called Compass, which is the evolution of the ﬁrst-generation regional system Beidou, is presently under development.