By Isabel Rivers, David L. Wykes
Joseph Priestley used to be some of the most striking thinkers of the eighteenth century. top identified at the present time because the scientist who stumbled on oxygen, he additionally made significant contributions within the fields of schooling, politics, philosophy, and theology. This number of essays by way of a staff of specialists covers the whole diversity of Priestley's paintings and gives a brand new and recent account of all his actions, including a precis of his existence and an account of his final years in the USA. The booklet will re-establish him as an important highbrow determine in Britain and the USA within the moment 1/2 the eighteenth century.
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Extra info for Joseph Priestley, Scientist, Philosopher, and Theologian
Xix. For a full account of Priestley’s debt to Collins and Hartley see Chapter 3. 17 28 Joseph Priestley PRIESTLEY’S EARLY MINISTRY: NEEDHAM MARKET AND NANTWICH Priestley’s ﬁrst ministry on leaving Daventry was at Needham Market in Suﬀolk, where he was invited to become assistant minister to the elderly John Meadows (1675/6–1757) in 1755. It proved to be a mistake. He was far too heterodox for his new congregation and, being Priestley, he did not conceal his advanced views. Shortly after his arrival he began a series of lectures on the theory of religion, which eventually became his Institutes of Natural and Revealed Religion, published in 1772–4, and which he had originally begun at Daventry.
C &c’, Universal Theology Magazine and Impartial Review, 1 (1804), 172; Priestley, Funeral Sermon . . of the Late Joseph Priestley, 40–1. Priestley himself acknowledged the inﬂuence of Graham: Joseph Priestley, Disquisitions Relating to Matter and Spirit. To which is added, the History of the Philosophical Doctrine concerning the Origin of the Soul (London, 1777), dedication to Graham, p. vi. Minister and Teacher 25 the universities, and so to follow on from grammar-learning. The best were very good indeed, and the ministers they trained were able to hold their own with Anglican controversialists trained at Oxford and Cambridge, but a number founded in the mid-eighteenth century were more noted for their piety than their scholarship.
Best described as a dissenting university, Warrington was a cheaper alternative to Oxford and Cambridge, but also one free from religious subscription. Illustrative of the best that dissent could achieve, it neither ﬁtted the pattern of other eighteenth-century dissenting academies, nor had the broader inﬂuence on educational development so often attributed to it. With the exception of the shortlived New College, Hackney, the range of subjects and standard of education was not matched amongst dissenters until after 1803 when Manchester College moved to York.