By Col Tej K Tikoo
Exodus of Kashmiri Pandits from Kashmir in 1989, used to be their 7th such exodus because the arrival of Islam in Kashmir, within the fourteenth century. This used to be triggered by means of the outbreak of Pakistan-sponsored insurgency throughout Kashmir Valley in 1989. the unconventional Islamists detailed Pandits - a minuscule neighborhood in Muslim ruled society, growing huge, immense worry, panic and grave experience of lack of confidence. within the face of ruthless atrocities inflicted on them, the Pandits’ sole trouble used to be making sure their very own actual defense and their unravel to not convert to Islam.
Over 350,000 Kashmiri Pandits have been compelled to escape en masse leaving their domestic and fireplace. This used to be the one biggest pressured displacement of individuals of a selected ethnicity after partition of India.
Pandits’ travails didn't finish with the exodus. The obstructive and intimidating angle of the nation management in the direction of the Pandit refugees, made their post-exodus life much more depressing. the govt on the Centre too remained detached to their plight.
This publication lines the Pandits’ financial and political marginalization within the country during the last six many years and covers intimately the occasions that ended in their eventual exodus.
In the sunshine of ethnic detoxing of Pandits from the Valley, the publication additionally examines a few severe concerns so an important to India’s survival as a multi-cultural, liberal and secular democracy
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Extra resources for Kashmir: Its Aborigines and Their Exodus
Having been born, brought up and educated in Kashmir, I have been a witness to and a participant in a few of the historical events that shaped the State’s politics during the past 60 years. Experiencing some of Kashmir’s vicissitudes after the merger of the State with India in 1947, I gained first-hand knowledge of the impact such vicissitudes had on the Valley’s population in general and on Kashmiri Pandits in particular. While in the Army, being an infantryman, I spent over a decade in the State, mostly on the Line of Control (LoC).
His rule was followed by 43 weak and inefficient kings who left no footprint on the history. It may be mentioned that the Naga (snake) worship was a dominant religion in Kashmir in the fourth and third century BCE. Ruins of houses where Pandavas are believed to have lived, locally called Pandav Lari (Houses of Pandavas,) at Awantipur. 273–232 BCE: Buddhism Ashoka: Ashoka came to Kashmir with 5,000 Buddhist monks to preach his newly embraced religion, Buddhism. He founded the capital town of Srinagar (City of Wealth) around 250 BCE at Pandrethan, where a centuries’ old temple in the middle of a spring still exists in excellent shape (the present day Badami Bagh cantonment area).
However, the arrival and rise of Buddhism in the Valley created an expected reaction among Brahmans of Kashmir. This gave rise to a long struggle between the two rival ideologies. Nevertheless, Buddhism flourished in the valley during the reign of Ashoka, Kanishka Sureonadeo, Simhadeo, and Sundarasen. Ashoka’s son, Jaloka, followed thereafter, and became independent King of Kashmir. He reverted back to Hinduism and tried to revive the religion by building many temples. He was succeeded by his son Damodar II.