By Pierre-Jean Luizard
Rompant avec nombre de commentaires à chaud, l'historien Pierre-Jean Luizard, grand spécialiste de l. a. région, examine l'ascension fulgurante et le fonctionnement de l'État islamique. Dans cet essai, qui fait dialoguer l'actualité immédiate et los angeles grande Histoire, il explique pourquoi nous sommes pris dans le « piège Daech », cet « État-monstre » que l'Occident a largement contribué à faire émerger.
Le groupe État islamique, inconnu il y a encore quelques mois, a fait une entrée fracassante et sanguinaire dans l'actualité internationale. Profitant des crises en chaîne qui secouent l'Irak et los angeles Syrie, « Daech » a pris le contrôle d'une vaste région et dispose aujourd'hui de gigantesques ressources financières. Sa volonté de construire un État le distingue nettement d'Al-Qaïda.
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Additional resources for Le piège Daech : L’État islamique ou le retour de l’Histoire
In Sayyid Qutb’s ideology, the only bonds are the bonds of Islam. People commonly think that family, tribe, or nation constitute fundamental and enduring ties, but Qutb argues that these are false unless such ties are framed within the context of Islam. Qutb sees no problem with honoring one’s parents unless there is a challenge posed to Islam inherent in that bond. Then one must turn away from one’s parents. This position is very foreign to ordinary life in the Middle East and South Asia. The idea that children would defy their father on an important issue is a difficult proposition.
He argues that Islam is a revolution (thawrah) that must be based in a nation, not in some abstract ideal or argument. While ultimate victory could take a long time, the reestablishment of a Muslim community, the ummah, could come sooner according to Qutb if Muslims adopt the program he recommends. Qutb asserts that the Muslim ummah had disappeared from the face of the earth in all but name centuries before his time. If Islam is to reassert its leadership role as the West declines, it must restore itself to its original state at the time when the original Islamic ummah of the salaf broke through the confines of the Arabian Peninsula and onto the world stage.
I will describe Naji’s explanation of Salafist jihadism within the modern history of the Middle East. The chapter reveals the rational basis of a three-stage guerrilla strategy, lays out al-Qaeda’s top leadership priorities for jihad, and presents an operational plan for implementing regional jihad. ” Naji also provides insights into the various obstacles in al-Qaeda’s path and considers the weaknesses of al-Qaeda’s approach. I will also explore the relationship between Naji’s strategy and al-Qaeda’s jihad in Saudi Arabia and Yemen.