By Patricia Rife
Lise Meitner and the sunrise of the Nuclear Age, via J.A. Wheeler is an interesting e-book documenting the extreme lifetime of an aspiring girl scientist whose existence was once jam-packed with adversity. Surviving either global Wars and gender discrimination, Meitner used to be a pioneer on the vanguard of her self-discipline concerning the learn of radio-elements and nuclear fission. on the collage of Vienna and the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute, Meitner used to be encouraged to review experimental physics with a spotlight on atomic constitution by way of her such a lot memorable professors Boltzmann and Planck. Meitner's significant discovery used to be her paintings with Hahn and the splitting of the atom (nuclear fission). This huge discovery resulted in the discovery of the atomic bomb, which tremendously replaced struggle. in addition to her accomplishments Meitner used to be a really inspiring girl for her energy and private conviction. Meitner slightly escaped from Nazis Germany simply to be remoted in Sweden from the foreign clinical group. She helplessly watched her life of commitment and success be neglected via the Nobel Prize Committee numerous instances, basically to have Hahn obtain the entire credits. within the face of the immanent destruction of her occupation and lifestyles through the Nazis she skilled the soreness of being deserted by means of shut colleagues. emerging above her stumbling blocks she devoted her lifestyles to aiding sufferers of the Holocaust and refusing to paintings on chemical war or nuclear bomb study, yet in its place practicing understanding of the ethical duties scientists had to have during this new nuclear age.
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Extra info for Lise Meitner and the Dawn of the Nuclear Age
He also had a few friends among members of the Prussian Academy of Science. He was good friends with Mr. Erhard Schmidt. [Planck] was a very pleasant man; he liked to have people around his home, even when I was attending his courses. And as soon as we were in his home he played tag at least as eagerly as we young students: he tried to catch us while we ran, really he did. He could run very well - he had long legs - he was really a very agreeable man. He wasn't arrogant [with a government title] - a Prussian, the way one imagined him - not at al1.
But I soon saw that this was my mistake. I mention my initial error only because I think that others who never really knew Planck made the same error. They may have perceived his strong reserve as the arrogance of a person with high state honors, but there was no trace of arrogance in him. The purity of his character and of his inner single-mindedness were of a rare sort, parallel to his outer plainness and simplicity. For example, every day he rode to the university in the third-class carriage of the Berlin city railway; until he was quite old, he also rode third class on long journeys.
Even so, Planck did not arrive at his theory until he had accepted Boltzmann's atomic theory as well as the use of statistics which Boltzmann had introduced. 53 Planck took the long train trip to Vienna to interview for Boltzmann's position. His quantum "hypothesis" had not yet been accepted by the European physics community when an unknown Swiss Patent Office clerk named Albert Einstein, in 17 Chapter I the summer and fall of 1905, published a revolutionary triad of papers inAnnalen der Physik.