By Alice Beck Kehoe (auth.)
A strong chronicle of the marvelous patience of Indo-European glorification of conflict, morphed into latest militant Christian correct. The ebook is written as a full of life chronicle making transparent the dazzling strength of the traditional cultural culture embedding our language, and the true conflict we are facing to comprise this 'Christian' jihad.
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Extra info for Militant Christianity: An Anthropological History
Weber, who had died in 1920, would not have disagreed with Tawney, for he was quite aware that he did not command as deep a knowledge of Calvin and Puritan life as he needed to powerfully validate his interpretation. Weber’s essays were addressed against nineteenth-century ideas of social development sui generis (“unique to itself”), from which historical facts fall out. To the contrary, Weber and Tawney asserted, history is a picture of human activities provoked by some circumstances, constrained by others, motivated sometimes by kindness, sometimes by greed, a picture in which “religion,” “economics,” and “politics” are abstracted distinctions.
Power was the issue. Power needs economic support. So long as the church drained money from northern principalities, it crippled their power. During the Middle Ages, barons raised military units by conscripting their vassals and tenants, and maintained them from their own revenues, or by borrowing money. When battles were over, soldiers returned to their ordinary employment. Baronial domains kept their own courts of law and punishment— hence the efforts of merchants and artisans to govern their towns themselves, legally free.
In 1307, Philip IV of France charged the Knights Templar with heinous crimes: denying Christ, spitting on the cross, and sodomy. Supposedly, these horrible actions were required of new recruits in an initiation ceremony. Philip had Templars tortured to exact confessions, and most of those interrogated did confess, although many then tried to retract their confessions. The pope, Clement V, did not believe the charges were justified. King and pope challenged each other, until in 1312, Philip marched with an army to the French town where Clement was meeting in council with his churchmen.