By Hamid Enayat (auth.)
Sleek Islamic Political idea: The reaction of the Shi'i and Sunni Muslims to the 20th Century 2d version via Hamid Enayat. I B Tauris & Co Ltd,2005
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Additional info for Modern Islamic Political Thought: The Response of the Shī‘ī and Sunnī Muslims to the Twentieth Century
Indicative of that humility and selfeffacement is an invocation to God, still recommended to be recited after 28 MODERN ISLAMIC POLITICAL THOUGHT the inaugural phrase 'God is Great' (takblrat' al-iIJräm), at the beginning of each prayer: '0 Benefactor, verily has the sinner come to Thee. Verily hast Thou commanded benefactors to forgive sinners. Thou art the Benefactor, and I am the sinn er. '24 This characterisation of Man as being of a feeble and wrongful disposition, and dependent on the Imäms' guidance to attain his salvation, stands in sharp opposition to that furnished by the SunnI exegetics.
Nevertheless, the concept of 'broad features' is valid in any effort to understand their political implications, but one which cannot possibly be formulated without some prejudice to the nuances and diversities within each school. * * * The distinguishing features of Shi'ism in relation to Sunnism should be sought not only in its fundamental principles, but perhaps more importantly in its ethos, in the tone of historically developed attitudes which have informed and infused the Shi'! stance on the controversial issues of Islamic history, society and dogma.
He likewise expressed deep attachment to other members of the Prophet's 'House'. Another indication of his intermediary position can be noted in his frequent quotations from the Nahj al-baläghah, a collection of maxims attributed to 'All, not in defence of Shl'1 theses, but to refute Sh1'1 extremism. S8 Adoration of 'All and 'Members of the House' has been a shared characteristic of many Süfi orders. What gives it a particular significance in the case of the Kubrawiyyah is its merging with a strong plea for Sunnl-Sh1'1 peace.