By Robert F. Burk
To such a lot americans, baseball is simply a game; yet to people who personal baseball teams--and those that play on them--our nationwide hobby is way greater than a video game. during this e-book, Robert Burk strains the turbulent hard work heritage of yank baseball because 1921. His accomplished, readable account info the various battles among proprietors and avid gamers that irrevocably altered the enterprise of baseball.
During what Burk calls baseball's "paternalistic era," from 1921 to the early Nineteen Sixties, the sport's administration rigidly maintained a process of racial segregation, validated a community of southern-based farm groups that served as a captive resource of inexpensive substitute hard work, and overwhelmed any makes an attempt by means of gamers to create collective bargaining associations. within the Sixties, notwithstanding, the paternal order crumbled, eroded partly through the civil rights circulation and the contest of tv. as a result, within the "inflationary period" that undefined, either gamers and umpires proven powerful unions that effectively pressed for greater pay, pensions, and bigger occupational mobility--and then fought more and more sour struggles to carry directly to those hard-won gains.
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Additional resources for Much More Than a Game: Players, Owners, and American Baseball since 1921
In Landis ‘‘freed’’ a handful of players who had been demoted to minor league clubs with which the dispatching organizations held covert gentlemen’s agreements. Because of these pacts the demoting clubs had illegally avoided having to secure waivers on the players or counting them toward option limits. But in the National Agreement Landis unaccountably failed to speciﬁcally bar outright major league ownership of minor league clubs as well as gentlemen’s agreements, and in so doing he left an enormous loophole.
Belttightening and retrenchment were adopted as the harsh but necessary remedies for the real and imagined economic sins of the s. Never mind that such approaches might actually delay the time at which businesses could grow their way out of the chasm. In baseball, certainly, the adoption of oﬀensive reductions should not have been expected to prevent a sharp drop in attendance and proﬁts. Gate levels plunged percent from the ﬁgures of over the next two seasons, and the majors would not reach the million attendance mark again for sixteen years.
52 Rickey’s success as a baseball innovator in the acquisition and assessment of playing labor owed mainly to his personal knowledge of all levels of the industry. Abandoning an early career as a country schoolteacher at a month, he matriculated at Ohio Wesleyan University as a combination student and athletic director, playing sports for extra money. Upon graduating in , he joined the Dallas team of the North Texas League as a catcher. He was good enough to be signed by the Cincinnati Reds, T H E P A T E R N A L I S T I C E R A but they soon released him because, according to Rickey, he refused to play on Sundays.