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Download Neurolinguistics and Linguistic Aphasiology: An Introduction by David N. Caplan PDF

By David N. Caplan

This textbook offers a accomplished advent to the rising fields of neurolinguistics and linguistic aphasiology. Reflecting the dramatic alterations that experience taken position within the learn of language issues over the past decade, David Caplan's method is firmly interdisciplinary. He introduces options from the most contributing disciplines - neurology, linguistics, psychology and speech pathology - in one of these method that they are going to be essentially understood by means of all scholars, no matter what their specific heritage. the themes lined were rigorously chosen to illustrate how the extra subtle topical neurolinguistic techniques have built from conventional medical types. The serious and precise dialogue of all of the major theoretical concerns within the fields makes this a primary paintings not just for college kids but in addition for experts.

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Von Eckardt (1978). On inferring functional localization from neurological evidence. In E. ), Explorations in the Biology of Language. Bradford Books, Montgomery, VT. C. (1982). What is a symptom-complex? In A. Arbib, D. C. ), Neural Models of Language Processes. Academic Press, New York. Shallice, T. (1979). Case study approach in neuropsychological research. Journal of Clinical Neuropsychology 1,183-211. 39 Part II Clinical aphasiology and neurolinguistics The discoveries of Paul Broca: localization of the "faculty for articulate language" The first scientific studies of patients with acquired disorders of language were presented in the last half of the nineteenth century.

In fact, a great deal of contemporary research on language processing based on studies of aphasia utilizes the dissociation approach. A particular form of the argument from dissociation is the demonstration of a "double dissociation". In a single dissociation, a patient is shown to have retained one ability and lost another. In a double dissociation we are dealing with two patients, one of whom has retained one ability and lost a second, and the other of whom has retained this second ability while losing the first.

This they did, in popular and remunerative demonstrations. The scientific community of the mid-nineteenth century had mixed feelings about the phrenological doctrine, and its fairly notorious and lucrative popularization and application, and by 1861 most of its claims had been refuted. The claim which remained somewhat intact was that language was located in the frontal lobes of the brain, in particular in the portion just above the eye socket (the supra-orbital portion). Bouillaud, an influential French physician, had published papers in 1830 and 1848 arguing in favor of this localization.

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