By Karla Poewe
This e-book sheds mild on a huge yet overlooked a part of Nazi historical past – the contribution of recent religions to the emergence of Nazi ideology in Nineteen Twenties and Thirties Germany. put up –World struggle I stipulations threw Germans into significant turmoil. The lack of the warfare, the Weimar Republic and the punitive Treaty of Versailles all brought on frequent discontent and resentment. for this reason Germans quite often and intellectuals in particular took political, paramilitary, and non secular concerns into their very own fingers to accomplish nationwide regeneration. Taken jointly such cultural figures as Jakob Wilhelm Hauer, Mathilde Ludendorff, Ernst Bergmann, Hans F.K. G?nther, and nationalist writers like Hans Grimm created a frame of mind that swept throughout Germany like a tidal wave. by way of fusing politics, faith, theology, Indo-Aryan metaphysics, literature and Darwinian technological know-how they meant to craft a brand new, really German faith-based political neighborhood. What emerged in its place was once an anti-Semitic totalitarian political regime referred to as nationwide Socialism. smooth paganism in addition to the tested Church, Karla Poewe finds that the recent religions based within the pre-Nazi and Nazi years, in particular Jakob Hauer’s German religion Movement, current a version for the way German fascism distilled points of spiritual doctrine into political extremism. New Religions and the Nazis addresses essentially the most very important questions of the 20th century – how and why did Germans come to include nationwide Socialism? Researched from unique files, letters and unpublished papers, together with the SS body of workers documents held within the German Federal records, it truly is an soaking up and clean method of the problems raised by means of this deeply major interval of heritage.
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Extra resources for New Religions and the Nazis
Performance of duty detached from passion was indeed what he continually sought from his staff at the death camps. Hauer discussed his Hinduistic leanings with others before 1934. For example, already on 5 April 1930 Hauer wrote the Director of the Basel Mission, Hartenstein, that it was “the New religions and the nazis 30 Apologia of Socrates that influenced my inner life in the Basel Mission. It was also nature. And when I worked in India, I realized what a strong attraction the BhagavadGita51 had for me…”52 Hauer’s deceit As noted above, I differ with Junginger over the issue of Hauer’s affiliation with National Socialism.
The correspondence between Hauer and such Bund leaders as Buske, Ahlborn, Borinski, Paetel, Schoeps, and others, showed that the one thing all Bünde were concerned to define was its specific Haltung or attitude toward state, party, comrades, and enemies. An interesting example is Hans-Joachim Schoeps, who, although he was Jewish-German, espoused an extreme German nationalism and was one of the central people in setting the political tone in the Youth Movement. On 26 August 1927 Schoeps14 wrote Hauer, that the spirit of the movement whose attitude was marked by the term freideutsch (a specifically German freedom) required a particular type of human being that it was the mission of this Bund to bring about.
To Jews he spoke with a forked tongue. On the one hand, he claimed that he and they shared a common bond in the sphere of religion. 6 Hauer’s SS-approved marriage to Annie Brügemann, 1939 triumph in 1933, when he headed the ADGB, he accepted without hesitation the Aryan paragraph (Arierparagraphen) for the ADGB, thus excluding Jews automatically. One of Hauer’s students, Paul Zapp, when he faced his trial for his active role in the murder of 13,499 persons in the Ukraine (Junginger 1999:137, 139, 185, 214), claimed that he had committed the crimes in accordance with Hauer’s philosophy (Hakl 2001; Kwiet 2004:253, 255, 259).