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Download Newton to Aristotle: Toward a Theory of Models for Living by John Casti, Anders Karlqvist (auth.), John Casti, Anders PDF

By John Casti, Anders Karlqvist (auth.), John Casti, Anders Karlqvist (eds.)

Beginning in 1983, the Swedish Council for making plans and Coordination of study has prepared an annual workshop dedicated to a few point of the habit and modeling of complicated platforms. those workshops were held on the Abisko study Station of the Swedish Academy of Sciences, a distant situation a long way above the Arctic Circle in northern Sweden. throughout the interval of the dead night sunlight, from may well 4-8, 1987 this unique venue served because the collecting position for a small workforce of scientists, students, and different connoisseurs of the unknown to reflect on the matter of the way to version "living systems," a time period singling out these structures whose vital parts live brokers. The 1987 Abisko Workshop targeted basically upon the final system-theoretic techniques of approach, functionality, and shape. particularly, a primary topic of the Workshop was once to check how those strategies are literally learned in organic, monetary, and linguistic events. because the Workshop spread out, it grew to become more and more obvious that the imperative crisis of the contributors was once directed to the problem of the way these imperative points of residing systems-metabolism, self-repair, and replication-might be introduced into touch with the fashioned modeling paradigms hired in physics, chemistry, and engineering.

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Imaginary) processes among which it is capable of selecting the real, observable ones. Hence the criterion for true scientificity lies, not in the veracity of observation nor in its accuracy, nor in the use of instruments to help increase the set of observable facts, but in the building of a virtuality of phenomena from which the real ones can be selected by a well-defined logical or mathematical procedure. If we accept this statement, it is not evident-in Biology at leastthat modern Science is more "scientific" than older theories now considered obsolete.

These considerations imply further that fabrication of organisms is not simply the inverse of reductionistic or syntactic analysis. This is, in fact, true in general; information regarding causal chains (or inferential chains) within a system, or even between systems, does not in general tell us anything about the (quite different) causal chains which culminated in that system. The two approaches which have thusfar animated the attempt to fabricate living systems do not deal with, or even recognize, the fundamental epistemological difficulties posed by the inadequate inferential and causal structures which they involve.

Here we are dealing with the representation of an act, described by a transitive sentence: A acts on B. As observed by Aristotle, any such action requires that the entities A and B have in 44 RENE TROM common the same genus (,lvos): if we look at the genus as an abstract space g of qualities, then the states of A and B prior to interaction are defined (relative to the quality which spans the genus space) by local "sections" 0": A - g ~ O"(A), 0": B - g ~ O"(B). To say that A acts on B means that O"(A) occupies the dynamically dominating "sink" in space g.

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