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Download Norman Kings of Sicily and the Rise of the Anti-Islamic by Joshua C. Birk PDF

By Joshua C. Birk

This e-book is an investigative learn of Christian and Islamic kinfolk within the state of Sicily throughout the 11th and 12th centuries. It has 3 targets. First, it establishes how and why the Norman rulers of Sicily, all of whom have been Christians, included Muslim infantrymen, farmers, students, and bureaucrats into the formation in their personal royal identities and got here to rely on their Muslim matters to undertaking and implement their political energy. moment, it examines how the Islamic impact in the Sicilian courtroom drew little scrutiny, or even much less feedback, from intellectuals within the wider global of Latin Christendom throughout the period of time. ultimately, it contextualizes and explains the eventual emergence of Christian renowned violence opposed to Muslims in Sicily within the latter 1/2 the 12th century and the evolution of a much broader discourse of anti-Islamic sentiment all through Western Europe.

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Extra resources for Norman Kings of Sicily and the Rise of the Anti-Islamic Critique: Baptized Sultans

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Idols in the East: European Representations of Islam and the Orient, 1100–1450. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. Al-Samman, Tarif. 1982. Arabische Inschriften auf den Kronungsgewandern des Heiligen Romischen Reiches. Jahrbuch der Kunsthistorischen Sammlungen in Wien 78: 7–34. Amari, Michele. 2002. Storia dei musulmani di Sicilia.  Le Monnier. Asbridge, Thomas. 2007. Knowing the Enemy: Latin Relations with Islam at the Time of the First Crusade. In Knighthoods of Christ, ed. Norman Housley. Aldershot: Ashgate.

Innocent sought to use Muslim service as a rhetorical weapon to marshal support against a Sicilian ruler. This was the first time a writer presented Muslim service as a potential vulnerability rather than a symbol of splendor and power. The epilogue illustrates the ways in which the charges Innocent III used against Markward were revived and expounded upon in an effort to delegitimize Frederick II and his successors. This work charts the shift in representation of Sicily’s Muslim population, the creation of the anti-­ Islamic critique of the Sicilian rulers and the fate of the Muslims of Sicily.

Abulafia (1988). 10.  359–63. 11.  112–35. 12.  21–45. 13.  21. 14. Roger II is depicted in this regalia in a mosaic in the S. Maria dell’Ammiraglio, a church founded by his chief minister George of Antioch. Tramontana (1993), pp. 86–88; Ernst Kitzinger (1990). 15.  19. 16.  113–32. 17. See Chap. 7. 18. Nirenberg (1996). 19.  173. Most notably Johns (2002), Metcalfe (2003, 2009), Taylor (2003), and Nef (2011). 21.  103–33; Catlos (2014). 22. Tolan et al.  3. 23.  505–6.  123–41. 24. Tolan et al.

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